Most tech are frustratingly incapable of predicting the future, and 2006's 2.0 is no exception. But it holds up better than many, and identifies four key themes still relevant today: - by states, and by code - competing , and latent ambiguity.

Next book is "Thinking in Systems", by Donella H. Meadows, because eventually I'll have to back up all my mutterings about "self-reinforcing behaviors".

The cover  the book, "thinking in systems".

Next book is "Winning the Green New Deal: Why We Must, How We Can", edited by Varshini Prakash and Guido Girgenti of the Sunrise Movement. A collection of essays by environmentalists and policy folks.

"Nature. Essence. Innate. The way things are. This kind of rhetoric should
raise suspicions in any context. It should especially raise suspicion here. If
there is any place where nature has no rule, it is in . If there is any
place that is constructed, cyberspace is it. Yet the rhetoric of “essence” hides
this constructedness. It misleads our intuitions in dangerous ways."

My next read is Paradise Lost by John Milton.

Next read is "Concrete Economics" by Stephen S. Cohen and J. Bradford DeLong.

First book from the reading list.

Finally, a book about that speaks my language.

"Inspired", by Marty Cagan. Gonna read me a book on product management.

Book cover: inspired by Marty Cagan

Also reading up on Fast Forwards' playbook. https://www.ffwd.org/playbook/

"Is it just human nature that hold us back, then? In fact, we humans have shown ourselves willing to collectively sacrifice in the face of threats many times, most famously in the embrace of rationing, , and victory bonds during World Wars I and II."

"This is the fallacy of 'is-ism'—the mistake of confusing how something is with how it must be. There is certainly a way that cyberspace is. But
how cyberspace is is not how cyberspace has to be. There is no single way
that the Net has to be; no single architecture that defines the nature of the
Net. The possible architectures of something that we would call “the Net”
are many, and the character of life within those different architectures is

I finished "The Power" by Naomi Alderman today.

I didn't enjoy the read, but it was thought provoking. The central thesis of the book seemed to be, "our society is based on power, and if women were stronger than men we would see the same oppressive dynamics we see now, reversed."

That's a grim thought.

Next book is The Entrepreneurial State, by Mariana Mazzucato.

I'm going to try not to overdo it with the social notes. It's a library book due back soon, and I'm not sure writing down everything helps me absorb the content.

Still, I'm excited to dive into another book.

Cover of "the entrepreneurial state"

Seems like God made a slight miscalculation by staffing the exit to Hell with Satan's children and then creating a hostile work environment.

The word "pragmatic" has shown up three times in as many pages in this opening chapter about how governments direct economies. Here again, the necessary if dramatic action isn't crazy, it's reasonable.


This pretty little number is my next read, the Verso Book of Dissent.

Thanks to @mayel for the recommendation. I think I have a different edition, but it still looks good.

Picture of a book cover.

Next read.

"Resilience is not the same thing as being static or constant over time. Resilient can be very dynamic. Short-term oscillations, or periodic outbreaks, or long cycles of succession, climax, and collapse may in fact be the normal condition, which resilience acts to restore."

Forest fires?

"...the winning solutions didn't come from users, or customers, or sales. Rather, great products require an intense collaboration with design and engineering to solve real problems for your users..."

I feel like there's a tension between this principle and the axiom that we need to design with the community.

I didn't realize when i bought it that the book was written 2006, but I'm still pretty interested to read "Producing Open Source Software," by Karl Fogel.

I just joined an software company and I have a lot to learn.

Book cover for the text listed in the post.

Next read: I've got the audiobook of Margaret Atwood's "The Testaments". Figured I'd intersperse the heavy stuff with *some* fiction.

"Throughout the journey of social entrepreneurship, you’ll be faced with countless distractions. Focus is key. Or as educator Stephen Covey says, “the main thing is to keep the main thing the main thing.” This means saying “no” more often than you might like to."

This makes sense to me. I worked on a tech project that tried to do MANY things, and it ended up not doing many of them well. To this day I wonder if it was overreach.

"Indeed, to support fuel conservation during World War II, pleasure driving was virtually eliminated in the UK, and between 1938 and 1944, use of public transit went up by 87% in the US and by 97% in Canada. Twenty million US households - representing three-fifths of the population - were growing in 1943, and they accounted for 42% of the fresh vegetables consumed that year. Interestingly, all of these activities together dramatically reduce carbon emissions."

Next (current) read: if Beale Street Could Talk, by James Baldwin

Just finished the Tombs of Atuan by . The whole thing, cover to cover, on . The Internet rules.

"...all of us must learn at least enough to see that technology is plastic. It can be remade to do things differently. And that if there is a mistake that we who know too little about technology should make, it is the mistake of imagining to be too plastic, rather than not plastic enough. We should expect—and demand—that it can be made to reflect any set of values that we think important. The burden should be on the technologists to show us why that demand can’t be met."


"It is a popular error that bureaucracy is less flexible than private enterprise. it may be so in detail, but when large scale adaptations have to be made, central control is far more flexible. It may take two months to get an answer to a letter from a government department, but or takes twenty years for an industry under private enterprise to readjust itself to a fall in demand.

Joan Robinson, 1978"

Next read.

Next read: Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley

Next read: "Just Enough Research" by Erika Hall

"Arise. Time is at hand.
It is very close.

Stand up, brothers. Do you want to die lying there?

We now face our deepest winter.

Time is very short but we still have time.

If we miss this chance,
The winter will freeze our lives."

- Abdukhaliq "Uyghur", 1920

"Design Justice" by Sasha Costanza-Chock

Picture of a book.

Next book is "City at World's End" by Edmond Hamilton, a 1950s book hosted on .

Thus far, it's classic 1950s fare. A square-jawed team of white man scientists are flung into the far future along with their town. The local government is weak, the women are frail and must be protected.

For all that the premise is interesting - reminds me of "The Night Land" and "The City and the Stars" - post post post apocalypse cities surviving on doomed worlds.

Next read is "The Buried Giant," by Kazuo Ishiguro.

Post-Aurthurian legend where nobody can form long term memories.

I enjoyed "Catherine the Great" by Robert K. Massie

Next read is Andrew Krivak's "The Bear". A father- daughter post-apocalypse tale.

Next book: Dan Brown's "Practical Discovery"

Three "pragmatic"s on page 11 alone.

Next Read is "Kiss The Ground" by Josh Tickell.

I started a job in October trying to help farmers (and other people living on the land) practice . We've got to store that and save the world.

Book cover.

Next Read: The Little Book of Investing in Nature.

"The importance of the was not only in the code they wrote, but in their political rhetoric. By talking about free software as a cause OnStar of a convenience, they made it difficult for programmers not to have a political consciousness about it."

"And, conversely, systems that are constant time can be unresilient. This distinction between static stability and resilience is important. Static stability, is something you can see; it's measured by variation in the condition of a system week by week or year by year. Resilience is something that may be very hard to see, unless you exceed its limits, overwhelm and damage the balancing loops, and the system structure breaks down."

More of an essay than a book, but my next read is "Making Kin with the Machines" by Jason Edward Lewis, Noelani Arista, Archer Pechawis, and Suzanne Kite. https://jods.mitpress.mit.edu/pub/lewis-arista-pechawis-kite/release/1

two people face each other. The brain of one looks like an engine, the other appears to be a lilly.

Next book is "Let It Rot!: The Gardener's Guide to Composting" by Stu Campbell.

Picture of a book

"Commit to the problem you’re solving – not the technical solution. This is a keystone of social entrepreneurship.“

I think I saw this in Cagan's book, too. Focus on solving problems, not on technical solutions.

SO excited to read some mother-effing fiction!

's "Ministry for the Future".


In his book, "Merge Left: Fusing Race and Class, Winning Elections, and Saving America", Ian Haney López compared two economically populist narratives with a nationally representative sample of 2,000:

"To make life better for the working people we need to cut taxes, reduce regulations, and get government out of the way."


"To make life better for working people we need to invest in education, create better-paying jobs, and make health care more affordable for people struggling to make ends meet."

Yay! Excited to get into "All We Can Save" by @ayanaeliza and Katherine K. Wilkinson

Picture of a book cover

Next read, this time with the kiddo. "We Are The Water Protectors"

Beautiful illustrations. The right story.

Find someone who looks at you the way that people in the 90s looked at the . The romance of as a place.

"[I] start thinking about this thing that buzzes around the entire world, through the phone lines, all day and all night long. It’s right under our noses and it’s invisible. It’s ... an entire goddamned world. Except it doesn’t physically exist. It’s just the collective consciousness of however many people are on it. This really is outstandingly weird." - J. C.

General thrust of the first few pages - the state can not only regulate and "fix" markets, it can create and shape them.

The , , and Working Group (EDIWG) at , published a white paper called "Ethical Exploration and the Role of Planetary Protection in Disrupting Colonial Practices" and it calls for incorporating practices as we explore other worlds. https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.08344

a report cover

Next Read? The Murray Bookchin Reader


- focused is about the furthest thing I can think of from ; maybe there will be similarities to .

It blows my mind that Danny's father tells him about the BFG. That's some Stephen King level crossover.

A picture of a book passage in which the protagonists father is describing the BFG, (another story of Roald Dahl's)

Frankenstein running away from his creation in horror the instant it comes to life touches a real nerve.

I'm going to give this a shot! "Sustaining Lake Superior" by Nancy Langston is about a mass effort of and in a time of .


Just finished "The Fall of Gondolin" by . More moved than I expected to do.

Book cover

"Research is simply systematic inquiry."

Oh man, that is *brilliant.*

Before that "Deus X" by Norman Spinrad was the read. I first read it in high school, dusted it off as a pallet cleanser. A cyberpunk novel musing on the soul of software while the global ecosystem collapses.

an old sci fi book cover. A hand adorned with a microchip gives a benediction.

"Mission Economy" by Mariana Mazzucato. A call for stakeholder, rather than shareholder .

A book cover. A rocket blasts off.

The book starts with a story of how the author, a *, femme-presenting non-binary person, is typically stopped and searched at the airport because her body "deviates" from the pattern expected by the millimeter scan.

This is an example how "larger systems - including norms, values, and assumptions - are encoded in and reproduced through the design of sociotechnical systems."

Strap in.

Also getting a real feel to.l this earth town picked up and moved to a strange, desolate world.

"Wild Seed" by was amazing. I inhaled it in two days.

Book cover

Depending on where you are with understanding the problem and setting direction, you may need to:

• gather new information
• process what you’ve learned
• explore different approaches
• focus on a particular approach

France's system

A 12-box plan of France's agro-ecology system.

I finally read "Ghost in the Shell" by Masamune Shirow. The manga basis for the classic 1996 film. Did you know the entire book is available on archive.org?


A manga cover featuring a feminine cyborg with a gun.

I finished reading the Lord of the Rings again. This time around the anti-industrialist, naturalist themes really stood out to me. The evil done to the Shire is industrialization; to win, our heroes end up deconstructing a coal-fired mill and building back a water-powered one.

A hardcover set of the lord of the rings, with the company acting as book ends.

"The interest in halting the loss of is enormous and is coming from unexpected quarters. Meeting after international meeting closes with strongly worded calls to protect nature, and the dialogue among the public sector, business, and civil society has never been more active. But once rears its head, then the dialogue becomes muffled, and participants start shuffling papers and shifting their eyes nervously. "

"Upgrade Soul" by Ezra Clayton Daniels was a trip. https://app.thestorygraph.com/books/e4c3adef-b553-4176-8ff5-68f099c4205f

graphic novel cover. An orange humanoid blob holds up a human face like a mask

"Because resilience may not be obvious without a whole-system view, people often sacrifice resilience for stability, or for productivity, or for some other more immediately recognizable system property."


Just finished "Blackout / All Clear" by Connie Willis! What a monster.

two book covers

"North American and Oceanic Indigenous epistemologies tend to foreground relationality. Little Bear says “[i]n the world, everything is animate and has spirit [. . .] ‘all my relations’ refers to relationships with everything in creation [. . . ] knowledge is the relationship one has to ‘all my relations’.”"

Just finished Dreamsnake by Vonda McIntyre

Great fare.

A book cover. A woman sits astride a horse with stripes by a mountain.

The best for most plants is between 5-7.

New Read: "Anarchism: A Collection of Revolutionary Writings" by Peter Kropotkin.

Apparently Kropotkin's writings inspired 's "The Dispossessed". I've been on a Russian Revolution history binge of late, so I'm excited to add this to the mix.

Will the community come out of the woodwork? 😃

Book cover. A photo portrait of an old, bearded, bespectacled mab stares out of a black background.

Also on deck, when the fit takes me, is 's "Tao Te Ching"

A book cover.

Is it me, or does Kim Stanley Robinson really like the name "Frank"?

"Basic Bakunin", by the Anarchist Federation, is a brief pamplet on the writings of Mikhail Bakunin. A contemporary of Marx - apparently the two agreed about the problems of capitalism but clashed over how to address them. Bakunin inspired Kropotkin (see above in the the thread). Adding to my collection of late 19th-century revolutionary thinkers.


A book cover featuring the portrait of a bearded man. A logo, "AF: anarachist federation" in the bottom left corner.

Finished "Russia in Flames" by Laura Engelstein. A history of the Russian civil war. TL;DR? It was brutal.

A book.cover

"The progressive message beat the unrestrained-capitalism message by a whopping 32 points. This result confirms that voters generally prefer progressive over pro-business economic policies." However, the study found that messages that relied on racial fear were more effective. So the developed and tested a counterveilling core narrative:

Currently reading "Building Soil" by Elizabeth Murphy. The principles of building health.


A book cover. A green plan grows out of rich, brown soil.

Just finished Jung Chang's "Empress Dowager Cixi". I've never absorbed much Chinese before and this was a pleasure. This gives me a jumping off point, either to go back to the Ching dynasty, or forward, to the revolution.

Book cover. An old Chinese empress, resplendent in yellow.

The introduction starts with Eunice Netwon Foote - the first woman in whose paper, "Circumstances Affecting the Heat of Sun's Rays", presented in 1856 (165 years ago!) was the first to link to atmosphere temperatures.

"Nature's Best Hope" is superb. The author advocates that we grow native species in our yards (and minimize our grass lawns) to provide food for the insect and bird populations we love.

A book cover. A bird eats a catapillar.

So many of Philip K. Dick's stories are about being trapped and struggling (usually failing) to escape.

A book cover. Bright and bold letters "Philip K Dick" on a fractured white and black background.


A small-scale test that enables you to confirm or deny a hypothesis and answer critical questions before building and launching a fully fledged product."

Murray Bookchin's "Ecology of Freedom" is supposed to be his magnum opus, I'm just hoping that one of these anarchists (Bookchin, Kropotkin, Bakunin) will eventually tell me what the ideal society actually looks like.

book cover, sticks and a title on a white page.

1996 Laurence Lessig warning that the Internet could be an instrument of control and .

"Whatever was, there's no reason it has to stay this way. The 'nature' of the is not God's will. Its nature is simply the product of its design. The design could be different. The Net could be designed to reveal who someone is, where they are, and what they're doing. And if it were so designed, the Net could become..'the most regulable space that mab has ever known."

"The Anarchist Handbook" is a collection of essays by various authors: https://1lib.us/book/14727303/4691c0?id=14727303&secret=4691c0

Solarshades, by Andrew Dana Hudson

A short story about quiet mobilization and energy transition, with critical analysis.


Art. A boy wearing AR glasses. Fires and photovoltaic panels.

"The is often heralded as the quintessential example of what happens when a hands-off government allows genius entrepreneurs to flourish, and yet the development of the features that make the iPhone a smartphone and not a stupid phone was publicly funded."

"Ethical considerations must be prioritized in the formation of planetary protection policy. The choices we make in the next decade of space exploration will dictate the future of humanity’s presence on other worlds, with the potential to impact the environments we interact with on timescales longer than the human species has existed. We should make these choices consciously and carefully, as many will be irreversible, especially those pertaining to how we interact with...extraterrestrial life."

"Parable of the Talents" by Octavia Butler

I've read that a lot of great figures in history had trouble connecting with their children. That part of the story rings true. The Trump-Jarrett parallel was eerie considering this story was written decades ago.

In "An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States" by Roxanne Dunbar Ortiz recounts a colonialist and imperialist history U.S. Americans are not taught in school. Changing things for the better requires one to first understand what is and has been, and this book is a great instrument to educate oneself.

A book cover. A spotted horse gazes at the reader, a pale U.S. American flag in the background.

I know this is kind of the point, but Frankenstein's moral crisis is as sympathetic as company qualms after selling to North Korea.

"I... I just realized that this might be morally dicey..."


"More than 10 percent of the U.S. land area, according to ecologist Alice Outwater, may have been -constructed wetlands when [Piere-Esprit] Radisson showed up [in 1658], which amounts to more than 300,000 square miles. When the beaver were rapidly pulled from the and their furs sent to Europe, their old dams collapsed."

"Environmental Monitoring with " Emily Gertz and Patrick Di Justo

I don't have Arduino, but I've got a bread board and my work has me focusing on tech for the environment. Let's do this!

A blue and white book cover, covered in tools.

I'm already in love with "Make: Tools - How They Work and How to Use Them" by Charles Platt

It's essentially a collection of very simple "how to" guides. It feels like a written version of what YouTube tutorials have evolved into, if that makes sense.


A book cover. A grid of pictures of tools being used to make various crafts.

"An ego is a beautiful thing to incinerate."

"Sprint" by Jake Knapp seems to be required reading?


"Although the goverments of many countries have spent staggering sums to keep their economies on life support during both the financial crisis and, more recently, the health pandemic, the neo-liberal economics which took hold in the Thatcher –Reagan era continue heavily to influence thinking, which still portrays government as clunky, bureaucratic machines that suppress the animal spirits of the wealth-creating private sector – no matter how much the latter are bailed out crisis after crisis."

Also read "Future home of the Living God" by Louise Eldrich.

Arturo Escobar sees as an "ethical praxis for world-making."

Current read is "Glass and Gardens Summers"

The editor, Sarena Ulibarri, introduces the book by explaining how she selected the stories for the anthology. The stories she selected didn't need to be about or to be , "but I tried to choose stories that depict adaptation and compromise rather than destruction and conquest, stories that value empathy and cooperation over greed and competition."

Book cover. "Glass and Gardens: Solarpunk Summers" A luridly colorful book.

This one is for work - "Cross-Cultural " by Senongo Akpem. https://bookwyrm.social/book/235300

A great tidbit: "Culture has a huge, yet often overlooked, effect on what we consider aesthetically pleasing. It's common for Western designers to point to concepts like rational type systems, clean lines, an absence of decoration, and mathetmatical layout grids as universally 'good' design without realizing that most of those principles originated in the century-old movement."

A book cover - cross-cultural design by Senongo Akpem

Finished Octavia Butler's Bloodchild and Other Stories.

Finished John Green's "The Anthropocene Reviewed". Really good! Green speaks simply but the words strike hard.

colored bands intertwine to form the book's cover

"Beware the paradox of having too much data and still wanting more. Lots of data may build your confidence in these assertions, but it also leads to spending too much time analyzing the data—analysis paralysis. One of the fatal flaws in our business is that we seem to shortchange analysis, never giving ourselves the time or tools to make sense of what we learn."

I can tell I'm going to inhale this one. Becky Chambers' "The Long Way to a Small, Angry Planet"


a book cover. The words above a glowing picture of three milky way.

I'm thumbing through a (1903!) volume of Edgar Allen Poe's poems and stories and... I was unaware of this particular facet of Poe's life.

it was his cousin-wife's death that inspired the poem Annabel-Lee a history of Poe explaining that at the age of 26 he married his 13-year-old cousin an old, deteriorating book of Edgar Allen Poe's poetry.

"¡Ya Basta! Ten Years of the Zapatista Uprising, Writings of Subcomandante Insurgente Marcos"

...because eventually I need to read about the

I read Kiss the Ground (and other literature) and I get so angry. As a species we're sinking into climate destruction and still, the world's largest countries (looking at you, ) can't take dramatic action. Only 53% of the country thinks is major problem; only 49% think humans have something to do with it. This is the struggle of our time and, collectively, we're asleep.

" occurs at all levels – genetic, species and – and it is often best illustrated by considering the wide variety of plant, animal and microorganism species that exist across the planet. To date, around 1.8 million different species have been discovered and documented, but this number only scratches the surface; the best working estimate of the total number of species, documented and undocumented, on Earth is around 8 million,
75% of which are insects (IPBES 2019). "

"Doughnut Economics" by Kate Raworth

Book argues that we think of economics wrong. We shouldn't be trying to maximize growth, we should try to improve the minimum standard of living.

"Loss of resilience can come as a surprise, because the system usually is playing much more attention to its play than its playing space. One day it does something it has done a hundred times before and it crashes."

"These relationships are built around a core of mutual respect. Dakota philosopher Vine Deloria, Jr., describes this respect as having two attitudes: “One attitude is the acceptance of self-discipline by humans and their communities to act responsibly toward other forms of life. The other attitude is to seek to establish communications and covenants with other forms of life on a mutually agreeable basis..."

"Individualism, narrowly egoistic, is incapable of inspiring anybody. There is nothing great of gripping in it. Individuality can obtain its supreme development only in the highest common social element."

Woah! I've been maintaining this book thread for a year! What a ride!


"Those who think to win the world
by doing something to it,
I see them come to grief.
For the world is a sacred object.

Nothing is to be done to it.
To doanything to it is to damage it.
To seize it is to lose it.

Under heaven some things lead, some follow,
some blow hot, some cold,
some are strong, some are weak,
some are fulfilled, some fail.

So the wise soul keeps away
from the extremes, excess, extravagance."

- "Not Doing", Tao Te Ching

God damn we need to capture .

"In Bakunin’s view, three conditions are necessary to bring about popular revolution. They are:

Sheer hatred for the conditions in which the masses find themselves

The belief that change is a possible alternative

A clear vision of the society that has to be made to bring about human emancipation"

I think this is why is such an important genre. In order for there to be a new world - say, a post-scarcity or eco-friendly society - we first must be able to imagine it.

"(1) distrust greedy elites sowing division, (2) join together across racial lines, and (3) demand that government work for all racial groups, whites included. These elements provided the scoffolding on which we built nine diffeerent messages. The race-class sotry they told proved remarkably powerful." - Studies found that the majority of the represeanttive sample found it compelling.

"Plants take up nutrients through their roots. This means that plant food must be dissolved in soil water. Quick-release and chemical fertilizers immediately dissolve into soil water, making them instantly available to plant roots. This is useful when a quick fix is needed to address a deficiency. On the other hand, it also means they are instantly vulnerable to being lost when water drains out of the soil."

"Female legislators more strongly support environmental laws - and stricter laws at that. When parliaments have greater representation of women, they are more likely to ratify environmental treaties. When women participate equally with men, climate policy interventions are more effective. At a national level, higher political and social status for correlated with lower carbon emissions and great creation of protected land areas."

"Our world, it would appear, will either undergo revolutionary changes, so far-reaching in character that humanity will totally transform its social relations and its very conception of life, or it will suffer an apocalypse that may well end humanity's tenure on the planet."

Holds up regrettably well today.

data retention

"All... of these examples address a behavior that the government wants to , but which it cannot (easily) regulate directly... the government thus regulates that behavior indirectly by directly regulating technologies that affect behavior. Those regulated technologies influence or constrain the targeted behavior differently. They 'influence the development of code.' They are regulations of code that in turn make behavior more regulable."

"Goals of Running a Pilot

Test your hypothesis with more potential customers.

Learn where to find growth opportunities.

Understand what won’t work and why."

"Every nation is in an anarchist relationship with one another. If a Canadian kills an American in Mexico, there is some agreed-upon mechanism to adjudicate the situation without involving a higher authority—because there is no higher authority to invoke."

"The iPhone depends on the ; the progenitor of the Internet was , a program funded in the 1960s by... (DARPA)... The Global Positioning System () began as a 1970s US military program called . The 's touchscreen technology was founded by the company FingerWorks, which was founded by a professor at the publicly funded University of Delaware and one of his doctoral candidates, who received grants from the National Science Foundation and the CIA."

The authors did not come to play. This is, I remind you, a document:

"What we call 'is the culmination of a process that began with the constitution of America and the colonial/modern Eurocentered as a new global power.' The result is a world where political and economic systems, namely , prioritize profit over human welfare, producing an environmental crisis and vast inequalities further compounded by ."

Chapter 5 of Frankenstein reads like a long AITA post.

And yes, he is the A.

"Streams were no longer contained behind a series of ponds and dams. Water that had slowly seeped down to the aquifer now rushed into Lake Superior, carrying sediments, sands, and pollutants with it. Springs that had fed the dwindled and water tables dropped, encouraging succession from ponds to meadows and then to grasslands."

Hell yes! Decentralize knowledge and save the world. ✊

"Monitoring the environment for ourselves, however, pulls the curtain back on what all those experts are doing. Understanding brings knowledge, and with knowledge comes the power to make decisions that can change our lives for the better—from lowering the electric bill, to holding polluters accountable, to helping scientists study the changing climate."

I found something exciting in the very first pages. I was under the delusion that to make a miter joint I would need to buy a miter saw, which is several hundred dollars! But I have learned that the task can be done with a miter box and a tenon saw, which can be purchased for less than $20!

For someone who didn't grow up with an appreciation for tools, learning about this sort of thing is just marvelous.

A craftsperson holds a tenon utility saw and prepares to cut a piece of wood at a clean angle using a miter box.

85% of observations will be revealed after 5 tests.

Mazzucato argues that big missions help to reverse the trend away from community obligations to individual advancement, "by involving citizens in solving grand societal challenges and creating wide civic excitement about the power of collective innovation".

How can one develop an ethical, inclusive design process from a continent away and no opportunities for in-person interaction? No observation, no participatory design.

Senogo Akpem highlighted a concept I hadn't heard of before called "power distance", which refers to the degree to which less powerful members of a society both accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. People from low-power distance societies can openly question authority. People from high power distance societies tend it to accept the rules of leaders. In terms of design, websites for people in high PD societies tend to emphasize the authority of experts.

What good is any form of literature to Black people? What good is science fiction’s thinking about the present, the future, and the past? What good is its tendency to warn or to consider alternative ways of thinking and doing?

Bubble diagrams are rad.

Yes, I inhaled that book. The thing I liked most about it was the optimism. People overcame their problems by being empathetic, vulnerable, by overcoming their flaws, by growing.

It gives me a model for what I can do in my own .

"His child-wife". What a different time.

I like this author's method of starting each chapter of his nonfiction book in the first-person present tense.

" and genetic diversity are on a steady decline. The Living Planet Index determined an average decline of 68% in animal population sizes between 1970 and 2016 (WWF 2020) with some species groups and continents experiencing even greater loss; the Latin American and Caribbean states experienced a 94% decline in biodiversity during this period."

incredible. 😦

", per the Natural Capital Coalition, refers to “the stock of and non-renewable resources (e.g. plants, animals, air, water...) that combine to yield a flow of benefits to people”. Much as an investor will use financial capital to generate profits, a stock of trees or population of fish will provide a future flow of timber or food. Managi and Kumar have estimated that between 1992–2014 the value of the Global Natural Capital stocks per capita declined by nearly 40%."

"You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete."
- Buckminster Fuller

Reminds me of that Thomas Kuhn theory of how scientific revolutions happen. https://mastodon.technology/@Argus/104735525426208057

"User Stories Applied for Agile Software Development" by Mike Cohn

Because I need to learn to speak to designers and engineers.

A book cover - "user stories applied" with a picture of a castle.

"Since Adam Smith, it has been widely believed that the free, competitive market i see one of these properly structured self-regulating . In some ways, it is. In other ways, obvious, to anyone willing to look, it isn't. A does allow producers and consumers, who have the best information about production opportunities and consumption choices, to make fairly uninhibited and locally rational decisions."

"The first attitude is necessary to understand the need for more diverse thinking regarding our relationship with ; the second to formulating plans for how to develop that relationship.'"

☝️The above poem was written thousands of years before the industrial revolution, but it seems very poignant in the days of .

The drive for economic growth the expense of the health of the soil and the biosphere is short sighted. practices that add health to the soil, promote and are a critical "letting go", a "living with" as opposed to seizure.

Gini coefficient - measure of wealth inequality.

"When people gain power ... he argued, their way of looking at the world changes. From their exalted position of high office the perspective on life becomes distorted and seems very different to those on the bottom... Bakunin suggests that such backsliding from socialist ideas is not due to treachery, but because participation in parliament makes representatives see the world through a distorted mirror."

Donella Meadows argues that a person makes decisions based off their role within a system.

Bill McKibbon - "As it turned out, the big fossil fuel companies had known well before Hansen what was happening. They'd begun a serious study of global warming in the 1970s, as supercomputers began to become fast enough to model the clinate. , for example, was in those days the biggest company on earth, with a crack staff of scientists, and its *product was .*"

"Nutrients from organic amendments and slow-release fertilizers stick around longer in the soil. They are plant-available only after microbes decompose them. We rely on living systems to make these nutrients available and to hold them in the soil. Fertile soils hold nutrients in the actual bodies of living and dead organisms, in spongy organic matter, or on the surfaces of soil minerals."

"We want to tip toward life. While it is too late to save everything - some ecological damage is irreparable, some species are already gone, ice has already melted, lived have already been lost - it is far to too soon to give up on the rest."

"Too many miss how different architectures embed different values, and that only by selecting these different architectures—these different codes—can we establish and promote our values."

"An anarchist world would still have murderers, and thieves, and evil men and women. It simply wouldn’t put them in a position to enforce their evil on everyone else via getting elected and decreeing the law."

"Even , the iPhone's cheery, voice-recognizing personal assistant, can trace its lineage to the US government: it is a spinoff of a artificial intelligence project."

This leads to the question: how does learning from a military research and innovation agency become accessible by the public? What's the process?

On mechanism of settler is, say the writers, is Biological Contamination and Ecological Devastation.

"Settler colonial dominance can be described 'as violence that disrupts human relationships with the environment,' a framework that allows us to clearly see how coloniality continues to enact violence on Indigenous lives as well as many other communities through pollution and other environmentally-related effects."

Colonial expansion reduced the population of the Americas by 90%.

"I had an obscure feeling that all was not over and that he would still commit some signal crime, which by its enormity should almost efface the recollection of the past."

"Outwater writes: 'in a land full of beaver, the stillness of ponds and wetlands had allowed sendiment to settle, clearing the water and providing a large reserve of nutriants that stablized the ... the beaver's wetland had been home to a rich diversity of creatures from the air, land, and water, and without the beavers the fertility of vast areas was subtly reduced.'"

Oh man, this book is more that a decade old. It's referencing . Hope the fundamentals of tech haven't changed too much since that time.

"With the mission, citizens were inspired, but were not involved in designing the mission itself. That makes sense... for purely technological missions. But for missions that are societal – linked to growth, healthy living, the future of mobility or solving the digital divide – it is essential that different voices participate from the start to help think through the mission's implications for ordinary people and modify it to involve and benefit citizens as much as possible."

"People experience and resort on three levels: the level of personal biography; the group or community level of the cultural context created by race, class, and gender; and the systemic level of social institutions. Black thoughts emphasizes all three levels as sites of domination and as potential sites of ." - Patricia Hill Collins

What good is its examination of the possible effects of science and technology, or social organization and political direction? At its best, science fiction stimulates imagination and creativity. It gets reader and writer off the beaten track, off the narrow, narrow footpath of what “everyone” is saying, doing, thinking—whoever “everyone” happens to be this year.

"One of the hardest design problems I ever worked on was for a company that helps IT groups manage risk. Their product focused on open-source components—inexpensive and widely supported by an enormous community, but often vulnerable to security flaws."

Interesting. I thought that was generally more secure because of all the eyeballs. With notable exceptions, obviously.

"[David] explains that the per acre yield or corn has skyrocketed since his grandfather's day. His granddad was lucky to get around thirty or forty bushels per acre. In contrast, today in the noisy combine 'we' harvested around 150 bushels per acre - and some of thr farmers he knows are pulling in up to 180."

", healthy , and the survival of species all have intrinsic value, but their instrumental value to humans is provided through the products and services we obtain from ecosystems and is best described using the term “ecosystem services”. Biodiversity loss compromises the delivery of fundamental ecosystem services like , and the global loss of all pollinator species would lead to a drop in annual agricultural output of an estimated USD 217 billion annually."

"As the visual literacy expert Lynelle Burmark explains, 'unless our words, concepts and ideas are hooked onto an image, they will go in one ear, sail through the brain, and go out of the other ear. Words are processed by our short-term memory where we can only retain about seven bits of information.... images, on the other hand, go directly into long-term memory where they are indelibly etched."

Finished the "Good Omens" (Terry Pratchet and Neil Gaiman audiobook.

I definitely can see the Gaiman themes (what happens when the supernatural interacts with our world in almost a commonplace way) and Pratchet's humor.

"Extensive upfront requirements gathering and documentation can kill a project in many ways. One of the most common is when the requirements document itself becomes a goal. Our requirements document should be written only when it helps achieve the real goal of delivering some software."

"But those decisions can't, by themselves, correct the overall system's tendency to create monopolies and undesirable side effects (externalities), to discriminate against the poor, or to overshoot its sustainable carrying capacity."

"One of the challenges for epistemology in the age of the virtual is to understand how the archipelago of websites, social media platforms, shared virtual environments, corporate data stores, multiplayer video games, smart devices, and intelligent machines that compose is situated within, throughout and/or alongside the terrestrial spaces Indigenous peoples claim as their territory."

"The very essence of the present economic system is that the worker can never enjoy the well-being he has produced and the number of people who live at his expense will always augment. The more a country is advanced in Industry, the more this number grows."

"Everybody says my way is great
but improbable.

All greatness
is improbable.
What's probable
is tedious and petty."

I think stories at their best are tales of individuals, their lives twisting together in a series of vignettes that end up making a whole. Punctuated interludes to add depth, or character.

Ministry for the Future feels more interested in the interludes, and less on the characters. This time around there are two protagonists, and a lot more disussion of trends or ideas.

I'm burning through it, and loving it. Just thinking through how KSR is changing over time.

“The political and economic organization of social life must not, as at present, be directed from the summit to the base – the centre to the circumference – imposing unity through forced centralization. On the contrary, it must be reorganized to issue from the base to the summit – from the circumference to the centre – according to the principles of free association and federation.”

This advocacy for federation aligns with the arguments I've heard for social networks.

"([Exxon's] predictions have proven startlingly accurate, with carbon levels today basically in line with their graphs.) And they were believed by their bosses: began building its drilling rigs higher to compensate for the rise in sea level they knew was on the way."

😱 That's... astounding. They knew that the seas would rise, and their response was to hide this fact and protect their assets? How can anyone think that unregulated business is safe?

Jackpot! This book has a list of nitrogen fixers in and .

A list of garden plants, cover crops, perennials,  trees, and shrubs that add nitrogen to the soil. The list included, fenugreek, garden peas, peanuts, pole beams, spy beans, alfalpha, clover, cowpea, fava beans, vetch, ceanothus, licorice, lupine, milkvetch, wisteria,  Acadia, alder, goumi Berry, locust, silverberry.

Xiye Bastida is a youth activist with some times for being a activist. Some highlights:

"1. Don't start from scratch. There are hundreds of existing inititative that you can join."

This one strikes a chord with me. Alone, you can only accomplish so much. In a group, the group's success is your success and visa versa.

"But isn’t it clear that government should do something to make this architecture consistent with important public values? If commerce is going to define the emerging architectures of cyberspace, isn’t the role of government to ensure that those public values that are not in commerce’s interest are also built into the architecture?"

🔥🔥 🔥

Oh God, this book is so dense, if I quote at length I will HAVE to return it before I finish.

...BUT IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT "many of the most promising new drugs trace their origins to research done by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) which has an annual budget of some $30 billion."

"Biological contamination is not a politically neutral or accidental phenomenon and will always have an effect in the environment in which it is taking placea mongst all actors involved – both human and nonhuman. This is true for both forward and backward contamination in missions to other planetary bodies."


Finished a chapter in "Sustaining Lake Superior" all about how 'cooperative pragmatism' in the first half of the 20th century meant regulators failed to get industry to limit their pollution. It was assumed that bodies of water, especially large bodies, had high 'assimilative capacity' and could process whatever pollution went in them.

Got this book on#arduino from the humble bundle: https://www.humblebundle.com/books/charles-platt-make-community-books

"More broadly, allocation has always been an algorithm, one designed according to the political priorities of power holders. It's an algorithm that has long privileged whiteness, hetero- and cis-normativity, wealth, and higher socioeconomic status."

"When asked about the inputs and the investment needed to squeeze that kind of productivity from the ligand, David they've all gone up too. Farm chemistry can get complicated but the basic roles of application, he says, are simple. The more dry weight of corn (or soy beans) you want, the more pounds of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium you add. But along more inputs only works up to a point which is called your 'maximum yield' (MY)."

"...investments in the provision of services alone could have a negative impact on the provision and sustainability of the flow of other ecosystem services into the future. Where human intervention in an ecosystem aims to maximize provision of a service, it can often have a negative effect on biodiversity, leaving the system less resilient... For example, replacing natural forest with monoculture plantations provides an ecosystem good but decreases the ."

"When Adam Smith published 'The Wealth of Nations' in 1776, there were fewer than one billion people alive, and in dollar terms, size of the global economy was three hundred times smaller than it is today. When Paul Samuelson published '' in 1948, there were not yet three billion people on earth, and the global economy was still ten times smaller than it is today."

"A Closed And Common Orbit" by Becky Chambers is set in the same universe as "The Long Way to a Small Angry Planet" but follows side characters from the first book.

It took me a while to adjust to the new cast (I was still in love with the old cast!) but once I took a little break and came back to it with a fresh pallet, I really enjoyed it.

"Words, especially when written, are a very thin medium through which to express requirements for something as complex as software. With their ability to be misinterpreted we need to replace written word with frequent conversations between developers, customers, and users. User stories provide us with a way of having just enough written down that we don't forget that we can estimate and plan will also encouraging this time of communication."

The best explanation for "the tragedy of the Commons" I've seen.

Each actor in a system gets the full benefits of exploiting the Commons but share only a fraction of the effects of erosion. Bounded rationality dictates that all actors will overuse a resource.

"Kānaka maoli (Hawaiian people) ontologies have much to offer if we are to reconceptualize AI-human relations. Multiplicities are nuanced and varied, certainly more aesthetically pleasurable than singularities. Rather than holding AI separate or beneath, might we consider how we cultivate reciprocal relationships using a kānaka maoli reframing of as ʻĀIna. ʻĀIna is a play on the word ʻāina (...land) and suggests we should treat these relations as we would all that nourishes and supports us."

"Inevitably, industry is directed ... not toward what is needed to satisfy the needs of all, but toward that which at a given moment, brings the greatest temporary profit to a few."

It seems Lao Tzu wanted a light touch emperor, but uses his words to praise . It feels very impish, I imagine this millenia-old man looking on at what she's doing and shouting, "hey, not like THAT!"

"'...But what should we be telling national governments to fund now?'

Bob said, 'Set increasingly stringent standards for carbon emissions across the six biggest emitting sectors, and pretty soon you're in carbon negative territory and working your way back to 350.'

'The six biggest emitters being?'

'Industry, transport, land use, buildings, transportation, and cross-sector.'

'Cross sector?'

'Everything not in the other five. The great miscellaneous.'

'So those six would be enough.'..."

Ahh, some description of Bakunin's positive philosophy (the society we should build) as opposed to the negative philosophy (the society we should oppose). "Revolutionary Catechism" (1866) apparently conveys a lot of his ideas around federated sovereign communes. https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/michail-bakunin-revolutionary-catechism

Good - the closest thing I have to a positive description is Ursula Le Guin's "The Dispossesed"

Rhiana Gunn-Wright says the pillars "problem, principles, and power... anchor policymaking from conception to execution."

Up until this moment I had no idea how much I wanted a chicken tractor. 🐔 🚜

"4. Make your activism ; include all stakeholders in your decisionmaking, and don't tokenize."

"Architecture is a kind of law: It determines what people can and cannot do. When commercial interests determine the architecture, they create a kind of privatized law. I am not against private enterprise; my strong presumption in most cases is to let the market produce. But isn’t it absolutely clear that there must be limits to this presumption? That public values are not exhausted by the sum of what IBM might desire? That what is good for America Online is not necessarily good for America?"

"As I have emphasized in a recent project commissioned by NASA... on the emerging low-earth orbit economy, the danger is that we socialize the risks of space exploration, but once again let the rewards of the venture be privatized. This can put future innovation at risk, as the state agencies responsible for the innovation do not share in the rewards."

"In the unlikely, but potentially disastrous scenario of backwards contamination, we must also reflect on how structural racism allowed the pandemic to disproportionately impact and communities. It is crucial that the planetary science community, with community input, take the opportunity before uncrewed and crewed exploration of other worlds to think ecologically – and seek to equitably address the consequences of our presence on these other worlds."


Now reading a section that is... striking, to say the least. Post urban americans wanted to get into parks and wilderness areas.

"Because the public wanted water that looked and smelled clean, and because regulators couldn't regulate industry, they decided to use copper sulfate, arsenic, and to kill the by-products of industrial development, particularly algal blooms and the biting insects that loved them."

"Yet [] remain niche services, used by ony a relatively tiny group of professionalized campaigners. They typcially cost money to use, often based on the number of ocntacts in the campaign database, and they require a significant investment of time and energy to learn. They will in all likelihood never be widely adopted by the vast majority of people who participate in social movements."

"And gauging exactly where that point is so you don't spend unnecessary money on inputs? Well, says David, that's somewhere between a 'scientific guess' and a 'lot of prayin.'"

"From 1990 to 2016, the world lost over 1.3 million square kilometres of forests, an area larger than South Africa (World Bank 2016). Commercial agriculture is responsible for over 70% of due to demand for palm oil, soy, timber and cattle (Lawson 2014). Private finance can help mitigate this trend through zero- investments and sustainable supply chain practices that promote habitat protection while delivering positive financial results."

"In the twenty-first century, we have left behind the era of the 'Empty World' when the flow of energy and matter through the global with small of relation to the capacity of nature's sources and sinks. We live now, says Daly, in 'Full World', with an economy that exceeds Earth's regenerative and absorptive capacity by over-harvesting sources such as fish and forests, and overfilling sinks such as the atmosphere and oceans."

It seems like the author is emphasizing the importance of user Stories being the basis of a conversation with developers, rather than solely the substance that the developers work on.

"If you define the goal of a society as GNP, that society will do its best to produce GNP. It will not produce welfare, equity, justice, or efficiency unless you define and regularly measure and report the state of welfare, equity, justice, or efficiency."

"Of necessity, the abundance of something will be based on the poverty of others, and the straitened circumstances of the greater number will have to be maintained at all costs, that there may be hands to sell themselves for a part only of that which they are capable of producing; without which private accumulation of capital is impossible!"

"Wise souls don't hoard;
the more they do for others the more they have,
the more they give the richer they are."

"'Yes. REduce those six in the ten biggest economies, and you're hitting eight-five percent of all emissions. Get the G20 to do it, and its essentially everything.'

'And how do you get reductions in those six sectors?'"...

OK - that was a quick read. I found the primer thought-provoking - and I'm interested in reading more on this decentralized ideal - but it seems so strange to me that violent militancy is seen as the logical and natural way to a new world order. It's so... 19th century? Nonviolent revolutions are proven to be far more effective in achieving their goals (see "Why Civil Resistance Works" by Maria Stephan and Erica Chenoweth.) http://cup.columbia.edu/book/why-civil-resistance-works/9780231156820

"When it comes to climate change, you will hear people support (or refute) certain policies because it's what 'science dictates.' Science can help us to understand the extent of the climate crisis, identify its causes, and measure its severity. It can even suffrage timelines for action. But science cannot tell us what policy options to pursue. That is a matter of principles."

"At events you hold, invite peoples to do the land acknowledgements, and remember that Indigenous knowledge is the foundation for addressing the ."

The more I learn, the more I learn this is true. So much of what I read is pointing to the fact that Indigenous practices for safeguarding the soil and and water should be the model.

Lessig talking about platforms as vehicles for surveillance and control is fascinating, especially because his example in 1999 is . The proto .

"Creating a symbiotic (more mutalistic) public-private ecosystem thus requires new methods, metrics and indicators to evaluate public investments and thier results. Without the right tools for evaluating investments, governments have a hard time knowing when they are merely operating in existing spaces and when they are making things happen that would not have happened otherwise. The result: investments that are too narrow, constrained by the prevailing path-dependent, techno-economic paradigm."

Another historical (and present) mechanism for settler colonialism:

"Race Science: Western science built the lie of racial difference that became a core justification underlying colonial expansion, the slave trade, and genocide against Indigenous peoples. White supremacy is a key aspect of almostall other forms of colonial violenceand race science is fundamental to its logic to this day."

Thinking again of "Kiss the Ground" and how DDT was thought to be some sort of a miracle chemical. https://cdn.mastodon.technology/media_attachments/files/008/699/735/original/4611c0a75fbd62aa.jpg

"Instead, most people, including social movement , organizers, and participants, use the most popular corporate social network sites and hosted services as tools to advance our goals. We work within the addordances of these sites and work around their limitations. We do this even when these tools are a poor fit for the specific task at hand, and even when their use exposes movement participants to a range of real harms."

in a nutshell.

"He explains that the band numbers for application break down as follows. To grow an acre of corn today you apply around 140 pounds of ammonium nitrate (nitrogen), around sixty of phosphate (phosphorus), and around eighty pounds of potash (potassium). Added to that are about two to three points power acre of herbicides (like glyphosate, the primary chemical Roundup), insecticides, and/or fungicides."

Good user story tips.

* A story card contains a short description of user or customer-valued functionality.

* A story card is the visible part of a story, but the important parts are the conversations between the customer and developers about the story.

* The customer team includes those who ensure that the software will meet the needs of its intended users. This may include testers, a product man- ager, real users, and interaction designers.

* The customer team writes the story cards because they are in the best posi- tion to express the desired features and because they must later be able to work out story details with the developers and to prioritize the stories.

* Stories are prioritized based on their value to the organization.

* Releases and iterations are planned by placing stories into iterations.

* Velocity is the amount of work the developers can complete in an itera- tion.

* The sum of the estimates of the stories placed in an iteration cannot exceed the velocity the developers forecast for that iteration.

* If a story won't fit in an iteration, you can split the story into two or more smaller stories.

* Acceptance tests validate that a story has been developed with the func- tionality the customer team had in mind when they wrote the story.

* User stories are worth using because they emphasize verbal communication tion, can be understood equally by you and the developers, can be used for planning iterations, work well within an iterative development processes...

"The world would be a different place if instead of competing to have the highest per capita GNP, nations competed to have the highest per capita stocks of wealth with the lowest throughput, or the lowest infant mortality, or the greatest political freedom, or the cleanest environment, or the smallest gap between the rich and the poor."

I feel divided in my reactions to the .

I don't think that restraint, slowness, inaction are how I've lived or want to live, but then again, I have depression and jaw pain, so what do I know?

But there are some passages that speak to generosity, fairness, kindness, gentleness, that speak to me. I love that Le Guin provided the rendition.

"Eleven policies would get it done, they all told her. Carbon pricing, industry efficiency standards, land use policies. industrial process emissions regulations, complementary power sector policies, renewable portfolio standdards, complementary power sector policies, building codes and appliance standards, fuel economy standards, better urban transport, vehicle electrification, and freebates..."

Never let anyone tell you that fiction can't teach!

"If you cut your teeth in policymaking anytime in the past forty years of American politics, you've been surrounded by neoliberal theory presenting itself as 'common sense'."

Yes! It reminds me of the point made in "Inventing the Future", how itself unseated the reigning ideology of Keynsian economics. Every dominating paradigm is "common sense" until it is displaced.


In "Reciprocity", Jenine Benyus writes about how the scientific consensus regarding the relationship between trees has changed over the years. Early in the 20th century the dominant paradigm was "cooperative-community theory", a concept championed by Frederic Clements. According to Clements, trees cooperated as well as competed with each other, facilitating each others growth, sharing resources, etc.

"Commodification and Appropriation of Land and Resource Extraction: The commodification of land through extractive practices has led to significant disruption of the ecosystems that Indigenous communities rely upon for their livelihoods. Examples of extractive exploitation and colonialism abound; while many people in the US think only of the gold rush, mining of rare minerals in Central and South America and Africa incentivize and continue to accelerate colonial expansion even today."

"It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends on his not understanding it."

Uptain Sinclair

Whether it be pollution of the Great Lakes or the pollution of fence line communities today, the rule is the same. Businesses don't decide to take policies to limit harmful externalities unless they believe that it will be better for them in the long run.

"Why do the most popular platforms provide such limited affordances for the important work of community organizing and movement building? Why is the time, energy, and brilliance of so many designers, software devlopers, product managers, and others who work on platforms focused on optimizing our digital world to capture and monetize our attention, over other potential goals (e.g. maximizing civic engagement, making environmentally sustainable choices, buiding empathy ... ?)"

"America loses about two farms every hour, twenty-four hours a day, 365 days a year."

"So how do you change paradigms? Thomas Kuhn, who wrote the seminal book about the great paradigm shifts of science, has a lot to say about that. You keep pointing at the anomalies and failures in the old paradigm. You keep speaking and acting, loudly and with assurance, from the new one. You insert people with the new paradigm in places of public visibility and power. You don't waste time with reactionaries; rather, you work with the vast middle ground of people who are open-minded."

Hereafter I will quote Lao Tzu whenever my partner makes fun of my floppy ears.

living people
are soft and tender.
corpses are hard and stiff
the ten thousand things,
the living grass, the trees,
are soft, pliant.
dead, they're dry and brittle.

so hardness and stiffness
go with death;
tenderness, softness,
go with life.

and the hard sword falls,
the stiff tree's felled.
the hard and great go under.
the soft and weak stay up.

Loving Ministry for the Future. Kurdistan gets its independence! Carbon coins gain confidence. A mass transition to sustainable agriculture!

It also driving me a little crazy. I can see our ship turning, but too slow. Can we wake up fast enough?

"... the most significant influence - at least during the early development of the GND - was a body of economic theory called the 'new consensus.' Exemplified by work of economists like Ha-Joon Chang, Mariana Mazzucato, Kate Raworth, Ann Pettifor, and Joseph Stiglitz, the new consensus rejects neoliberalism as the 'right 'governing paradigm for modern states."

Tragically, the idea that plants cooperated with each other fell out of favor - perhaps, in the 1950s, it smacked too much of communism, even in scientific circles. (Also, apparently ecologists had "physics envy" and wanted to be able to study trees as complete, separate individuals.) At any rate, says Benyus, the scientific community viewed trees as competitors, and even went so far as to recommend policies where tress would be felled, supposedly to support "healthy" ecosystems.

Architecture to regulate behavior.

"A large hotel in an American city received many complaints about the slowness of its elevators. It installed mirrors next to the elevator doors. The complaints ceased."

"Agricultural practices throughout the colonial world have been and continue to be damaging, transforming environments and destroying human lives and cultures. From cotton fields in the American south to sugar plantations and rubber tappers in Brazil, the combination of land and people as property was key to the generation of wealth that built up the Western world."

Arsenic dumped to dispose of "aquatic nuisances."

"Put another way, why do we continue to design technologies that reporduce existing systems of power when it is so clear to so many that we urgently need to dismantle those systems?"

"In other words, the great efficiency of modern now makes it possible for every 1 farmer to feed 317 nonfarmers. It's really a miracle."

I refute her!

"...Instead, [the new consensus] contends that many of the crises that we face are the result not of government overreach but of government's abdicating its economic responsibilities: as a market creator, as an industrial planner, and as an innovator. "

"Discoveries about the connected nature of mutualists," says Benyus, "have vast implications for forestry, conservation, and agriculture in a warming world. Although 80 percent of all land plants have roots that grow in association with mycorrhizae fungi, it's rare to find thriving ... networks in agricultural fields. Plowing disturbs the cobwebby network, and the year-on-year addition of artificial nitrogen and phosphor fertilizers tell bacterial and fungal helpers they are no longer needed..."

1948, Shelley v Kramer - the Supreme Court forbids covenants to explicitly forbid sale to people of a particular race.

"When the Court ended direct segregation, we should expect indirect segregation to emerge to replace it. Sure enough, after 1948 local communities shifted their technique for preserving segregation. Rather than covenants, they used architecture. Communities were designed to “break the flow” of residents from one to another."

"The field of planetary science and space exploration in the present day is not divorced from these practices, and both existing and planned space infrastructure continue to encroach upon land. This is often justified by falsely framing opposition to such encroachments as "obstructions" to "the future.""

You can't make this stuff up.

"'The Design of Everyday Things' is a canonical text. It's full of useful insights and compelling examples. However, it almost entirely ignores race, class, gender, disability, and other axes of . Norman very briefly states that capialism has shaped the design of objects, but says it in passing and never relates it to the key concepts of the book. Race and racism appear nowehere. He uses the term "women" only once..."

"The first barrier to unlimited acres of the same crop was pests, the second weeds, and the third fungus. Without balanced soils, which have inside them all the microbial life needed to support plants, nature will cull a crop. In naturue, diversity is the norm, not the exception, so an ecosystem in a systate of unbalance (too much of the same plant) will, through bugs, weeds, plant disease, et cetera, attempt to restore itself to balance (diversity)."

"Three additional principles from the New Consensus economists guide Green New Dealers as we craft policy.

First, the US government, at levels, must have a coordinated vision and strategy for a new "green" economy...

Second, public spending and investment are essential, not just for infrastructure and 'public goods' but for innovation.

Third, the should invest in the real economy, not financialization."

"... not needed for water transport or pest defense, not need to absorb the micronutrients our bodies long for. It's time to bring the wood-wide web to farmlands."

"Highways without easy crossings were placed between communities. Railroad tracks were used to divide. A thousand tiny inconveniences of architecture and zoning replaced the express preferences of covenants. Nothing formally prohibited integration, but informally, much did."

"For example, construction of the Thirty Meter atop has begun despite opposition from many Kanaka ʻŌiwi (Native Hawaiians), who note that previous astronomy development atop Mauna Kea has already had substantial adverse effects."

"In the late 1940s, after 'dead fish appeared in waterways adjacent to fields which had been sprayed or dusted with toxaphene,' some observant fisheries biologists recognized that it might be a useful chemical to kill unwanted fish."


"Norman describes the problems designers face in designing for left-handed people and urges ths reader to 'consider the special problems of the aged and infirm, the handicapped, the blind or near-blind, the deaf or hard of hearing, the very short or very tall, or the foreign.'"

This book is fantastic. I know the barest outlines of U.S. agricultural history, and "Kiss the Ground" tells it with humor, drama, and loads and loads of concrete facts. I'm really getting a lot out of it, and it's not a slog to get through.

"...But vision alone is not enough. The US has not undertaken a substantial economic mobilization in eighty years, and, in the wake of neoliberalism, policymakers do not know how to design one. They need a framework, which the New Green Deal provides."

In "Indigenous Prophecy and Mother Earth", Sherri Mitchell discusses how native traditions and knowledge are not just applicable, but vital for the modern world.

I frequently think of conservative commentator Tucker Carlson asking, "how precisesly is diversity our strength?". Mitchell's response describes the benefits that emerge from a diverse society.

The driving point of this chapter is that indirect regulation can obfuscate the entity doing the regulation and their intent.

"Current structures for in-situ resource utilization on other worlds are analogous to some of these past and current practices on Earth. Most immediately, lunar resource maps seek to enable ... actors to plan for extraction of water ice and other resources. Similar proposals exist for asteroid mining. This is presented under a guise of “sustainability,” but in actuality replicates the practices of extractive that have contributed to the environmental degradation of ."

The authors cite a white paper: "Asteroid Resource Utilization: Ethical Concerns and Progress"


"Why did the aquatic nuisance program grow so quickly in the name of ? In part, the 'better living through chemistry' enthusiasm shared by many North Americans explains the willingness to spray clean water. Nifty postwar chemicals were going to solve all or problems. Plastics such as bisphenol A would make happier, cleaner, shinier households; hormones such as DES would bigger, better babies; pesticides such as would create a cornucopia of shiny, perfect food."

"He thus firmly subscribes to the individual/medical model of disability that locates in 'defective' bodies and as a problem' to be solved, rather than the social/relational model (that recognizes how society actively disables people with physical or psychological differencces, functional limitations, or impairments through unnecessary exclusion, rather than taking action to meet their access needs)..."

Oh my god. Look at this 1947 ad in Life magazine for the Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing company.

An add with a dog, an apple, a woman, a cow, a potato, and a chicken all singing "DDT is good for me-e-e!"

"... all GND policy, whether narrow or , serves a triple bottom line: achieve decarbonization goals set of by H.R. 109, reduce income inequality, and redress systemic oppression."

" fosters social coherence, creating more stable and harmonious relational networks, which in turn lead to more stable and harmonious societies. Additionally, the more diverse a group or community, the greater the perspectives and innnovations that arise and the greater the success for all. Human diversity is just as critical to society as is to an ecosystem, without it there can be no healthy functioning."

"Three layers constitute the essential plumbing of the , hidden in the Net’s walls... At the very bottom, just above the physical layer of the Internet, in the data link layer, very few protocols operate, since that handles local network interactions exclusively. More protocols exist at the next layer up, the network layer, where the protocol is dominant. It routes data between hosts and across network links, determining which path the data should take."

"Public-Private Partnerships as a Colonial Structure: Private individuals and institutions, in collaboration with governments, are a key aspect of the colonial structure. For example, the was fundamental to British expansion across the Eastern hemisphere and took a central role in colonial domination and political control as well as trade. More recent examples include the influence of American fruit companies ... into Latin American politics during the Cold War."

"Judge Lord became particularly infuriated that the [polluting] company kept playing the 'you'll destroy jobs' card to justify continued . He stated: 'In essence, defendants are using the work force as hostages. In order to free the work force at Reserve, the court must permit the continued exposure of [the citizens of Lake Superior communities] to known human carcinogens. The court will have no part of this form of economic blackmail."

"..., let alone the disability justice model, created by Disabled B/I/PoC as they fight to dismante able-bodied supremacy as a key axis of power within the ."

"The data suggests [pesticides] are in up to 98 percent of food. Sometimes it's in small doses, someimes large. The USDA, the agency responsible for testing our food, does not test for the majority of the worst offenders of these poisons (including 2,4-D, glyphosate, or atrazine) in the foods on which they are mostly sprayed (corn, soy, and wheat)."

" Second, GND policy works to shape markets and create demand so the low-carbon and no-carbon goods become the default, rather than the alternative to carbon intensive goods."

"The United States is a nation of scarcity, and increasingly so. Seventy-eight percent of Americans live paycheck to paycheck. As of 2018, about 40 percent of Americans could not afford an unexpected $400 expense without going into debt or having to sell off their possessions. About 25% of Americans skipped necessary medical care because they couldn't afford it."

Rhiana Gunn-Wright

"At the next layer up, the transport layer, two different protocols dominate— and . These negotiate the flow of data between two network hosts. (The difference between the two is reliability—UDP offers no reliability guarantee.) The protocols together function as a kind of odd UPS. Data are passed from the application to the transport layer. There the data are placed in a (virtual) box and a (virtual) label is slapped on."

It seems obvious, but reading "Sustaining Lake Superior" underlines how much activism and legal effort peoples have organized to protect the climate.

- In the 1980s, the Anishinaabe tribes worked with the EPA to set clean water standards (which the state and mining companies wanted to degrade).

- In 1997, tribal efforts passed a "mining moratorium" in Wisconsin, requiring companies to prove they had properly handled chemicals for at least 10 years.


"In the United States, treaties signed with Native American nations have repeatedly been broken, often by settler colonialist individuals working in tandem with the government and military. The , a modern reframing of the ongoing Indigenous demand to honor the Treaty, illustrates how capitalist interest intersects with colonialism today."

"In other words, the book is a compendium of designed objects that are difficult to use that provides key principes for better design, but it almost entirely ignores questions of how , , , , and other aspects of the matrix of domination shape and constrain access to affordances. is an approach that asks us to focus sustained attention on thes questions, benning with "how does the matrix of domination shape afforance perceptibility and availability?"

"Washington, DC's 'revolving door' between big agricultural businesses, the regulatory agencies, and the Senate and House committees that are supposed to oversee them leaves little in the way of citizen protection from these chemicals. With nobody to shield them, Americans are the guinea pigs in the largest chemical experiment humankid has ever taken."

Joseph Stiglitz - "Even the way the question ["can we afford it?"] is posed wrong: when the US was attached in 1941, no one asked, "Can we afford to fight the war?" It was an existential matter. We could not afford *not* to fight it. The same is true for climate change. Moreover, as we have ... noted, we will pay for one way or another, so or makes sense to spend money now to reduce emissions rather than pay a lot more to manage the consequences... in short, we *must* afford it."

"If we do not counter this scarcity, how will we build anything but a society of fortresses as the planet continues to warm?"

"That label ties the contents of the box to particular processes. (This is the work of the TCP or UDP protocols.) That box is then passed to the network layer, where the protocol puts the package into another package, with its own label. This label includes the origination and destination addresses. That box then can be further wrapped at the data link layer, depending on the specifics of the local network (whether, for example, it is an network)."

- In '96, Anishinaabe tribal members blockaded railroad tracks crossing their reservation, preventing a mining company from receiving the 550 million gallons of sulphuric acid they were - and yes, this is true - planning to inject into the ground in order to extract the remaining copper in solution. They forced the to require an environmental assessment, and the mine shut down.

"Moral Consideration of Extraterrestrial Microbial Life: There must be further discussion of what moral consideration microbial life on other worlds should have, beyond their scientific significance, as others have considered previously. Considerations of “intelligence” or “non-intelligence” should not be used as the framework for this discussion."

This is just the worst. If I quote every important thing in this book I'm going to type out the whole damn thing.

"Not surprisingly, up to 67 percent of the premiums for crop insurance are paid to private comapanies directly from the federal government. If that all sounds like mumbo jumbo, the bottom line is that private enterprise is soaking up most of the tax money that is supposed to be paid to farmers, who, due to an overbearing and outdated government finance scheme, grow the very crops that make Americans sick."


"...the world's richest 1 percent have carbon footprints that are 175 times higher than the poorest 10%." - Régine Clément

"On top of these three layers is the application layer of the . Here protocols “proliferate.” These include the most familiar network application protocols, such as (file transfer protocol, a protocol for transferring files), (simple mail transport protocol, a protocol for transferring mail), and (hyper text transfer protocol, a protocol to publish and read hypertext documents across the )."

Page 159 details how in 2011 pro mining groups donated $15.6 million in campaign contributions and lobbying fees to candidates who supported mining. The balance of power in the state Senate flipped, and the Senate passed bills written with the help of mining lobbyists supporting mining and relaxing environmental regulation. The bill also stripped local and citizen powers to challenge state permits.

It pays to buy a legislature.

"Not only do biological distinctions of intelligence have a racist history, they do not hold scientific merit. It is clear that microbiology is foundational to Earth as we know it, and microbes are deserving of moral consideration. We should afford any potential non-terrestrial microbiology on planets like Mars and Venus, or icy moons like Enceladus, Europa, and Titan an even greater consideration, recognizing that extraterrestrial life may also operate in ways not initially obvious to us."

"An object's affordances are never equally *perceptible* to all, and never equally *availabe* to all; a given affordance is always more perceptible, more available, or both, to some kinds of people. brings this insight to the fore and calls for designers' ongoing attention to the ways these differences are shaped by the matrix of domination."

"The system of crop insurance works like this: RA releases its policy listing crop insurance prices. Based on the list of insured crops a farmer decides what they will grow. A farmer then certifies his or her production by making sure it conforms to the government mode. After harvest there's an acreage report. If, as is often the case, the crop produces less than the expected per acre quanity set by the governent, the farmer files a loss report."

Something I'm learning from this book is the power of presenting radical change as obvious and common sense action.

"The Green New Deal is the sensible action that we need to take to build a thriving economy where all working people make progress together. It will keep the cities and towns we live in livable, and it will invest in communities on the verge of falling behind, revitalizing infrastructure and resurrecting neighborhoods that are very ignored."

"The failure of the market economy to price so-called externalities, such as the positive impacts of greenhouse gases, should lead us to question the limitations of how we measure financial performance."

"These are rules for how a client (your computer) will interact with a server (where the data are), or with another computer (in services), and the other way around.

These four layers of protocols are “the .” Building on simple blocks, the system makes possible an extraordinary range of interaction. It is perhaps not quite as amazing as nature—think of DNA—but it is built on the same principle: keep the elements simple, and the compounds will astound."

"A human presence on will bring biocontaminants and irreversibly contaminate the planet, both with whole organisms and their chemical constituents... Therefore, it is of paramount importance to consider the ethics of any crewed mission to Mars prior to such an expedition, including an assessment of the structures supporting the project and their intent, to ensure mission design can be impacted by these considerations."

More on how groups work to sustain and balance the under their jurisdiction.

Photo of book page describing indigenous activities. Photo of book page describing indigenous activities.

"Most designers, most of the time, do not think of themselves as sexists, racist, homophobic, xenophobic, Islamophobic, ableist, or settler-colonialist. Some may consider themselves to be capitalist, but few identify as part of the ruling class. Many feel themselves to be in tension with , and many even identify as socialist. However, is not about intentionality; it is about process and outcomes."

"The insurance is calculated and the premium is paid by the federal government (mostly to a private company). The farmer receives his or her "loss payment" and starts again."

David Roberts: "An intense, activated constituency beats broad, shallow support every time. Intense constituencies are levers that move politicians. Polls aren't."

In "A Field Guide for Transformation", Leah Stokes argued that our focus should be on structural, rather than individual, reform on reducing emissions.

"The goal is not self-purification but structural change. As Bill McKibben has put it: "Changing the System, not perfecting our own lives, is the point. 'Hypocrisy ' us the price of admission to this battle.""

I use the Net every day, and I consider myself a technologist, but I've always wanted to better understand how IR worked. This is a helpful explanation.

"Even if there is no extant microbial life on Mars or beyond, we must consider the impacts of our actions on geologic timescales. A human presence on an astrobiologically significant world could disrupt evolutionary processes already in place. What moral obligation do we have towards potential future life that our presence on Mars could impact, or to hybrid forms of life that our presence could potentially create? These questions must be addressed by planetary protection policy."

" asks whether the affordances of a designed object or system disproportionately reduce opportunities for already oppressed groups of people while enhancing the life opportunities of dominant groups, independently of whether designers intend this outcome."

"... a Farmer must adhere to the federal insurance program's strict guidelines concerning the type of crop to be planted (i.e. patented seed), the methods used (i.e., chemicals sprayed), as well as where and when the crops are grown. Not surprisingly, farmers generally grow the crops with the highest per acre insurance rates ... Because it provies a guaranteed price for crops, the federal crop insurance program tells the majority of ... farmers what to grow and what not to grow."

Reference to Chenoweth and Stephans book "Why Civil Resistance Works"! https://twitter.com/derekcaelin/status/961231573830991873?s=1

..."when 3.5 percent of the population engaged persistently in nonviolent organizing and action during a movement for liberation - in boycotts, marches, strikes, civil disobedience, and campaigns - the movement was able to overthrow a regime. Consistent mass participation in a nonviolent movement sways the public to ally with the campaign..."


"We can feel fear and grief and anger – we can even feel avoidant sometimes – and still attend to the world's very real and immediate needs."

"In 1996, released a protocol ( v3.0) to facilitate secure electronic commerce on the Web. The essence of its function is to permit secure exchange between a browser and a server. The French were not happy with the security that SSL gave; they wanted to be able to crack SSL transactions. So they requested that Netscape modify SSL to enable their spying."

This paper is literally asking to develop a . Or at least to define the rules for changing the places we visit.

"However, we know enough to prepare for [first contact] and discuss whether it should occur at all. We must first reject the idea that microbial life is beyond moral consideration due to the label of “non-intelligence” or the claim that Mars is an empty place. We cannot repeat the notions of “terra nullius” that perpetuated colonial violence on Earth."

"As Chemaly notes: 'The underlying design assumption behind many of these errors is that girls and women are not 'normal' human beings in their own right. Rather, they are perceived as defective, sick, more needy, or 'wrong sized,' versions of men and boys. When it comes to , male-centeredness isn't just annoying --- it results in very real needs being ignored, erased, or classified as 'extra' or unecessary...'"

"While it maintains one sort of food security, in its current incarnation the government crop insurance penalizes farmers who do the right thing when it comes to soil. Based in Washington, DC, where the average Senate seat costs around $10 million and where there are over one thousand lobbyists for every member of Congress, the FCIC is in lockstep with the major companies that profit and benefit from industrialized corn and soy and the chemicals and machines they require."

"Historian Adam Fairclough notes that [in 1963] the prospect of further protests forced the White House to change course:

'For two years [US Attorney General] Robert Kennedy had attempted to deal with each racial crisis on an ad hoc basis. Birmingham finally convinced him that crises would recur with such frequency and magnitude that the federal government, unless it adopted a more radical policy, would be overwhelmed.'"

"And in truth, serving the world's needs is the only thing I've seen consistently lighten that fear and grief and anger and others, and the only thing that has done so consistently in my own life. There is also, perhaps oddly, joy in this work. It's made me more deeply alive and connected, with a clearer perspective on what matters, and is surrounded me with friends who can share my care for the world."

- Loving a Vanishing World, Emily N. Johnston

"Technically, it could comply by modifying the code of Communicator and then posting a new module that enabled hacking by a government. But because Netscape (or more generally, the Mozilla project) is open source, anyone is free to build a competing module that would replace the Frenchified module. That module would compete with other modules. The module that wins would be the one users wanted. Users don’t typically want a module that enables spying by a government."

"Our path forward must be an interdisciplinary approach to exploring more thoughtful forms of interaction between these differing microbiomes, with an explicit effort to reject colonial philosophies and structures."

"Preservation of Environments on Non-Habitable Worlds: Current plans for the place in-situ resource utilization as a fundamental component of a long-term presence. Current policy does not adequately address questions relevant to preservation beyond sites of scientific value, and ignores questions of whether certain environments should be preserved for historical or environmental reasons, or even their intrinsic value. Aesthetics should also be considered. "

"'...To give another, more tangible example, one advance artificaial heart was design to fit 86% of men's chest cavities, but only 20% of women's... the device's French maniifacturer Carmat explained that the company had no plans to develop a more female-friendly model as it 'would entaill significant investment and resources over multiple years.'"

"In 2009, the the midsize - those grossing between $100,000 and $250,00 - averaged a net income of approximately $19,270, incuding government payments. Even those operations designated by the as "large industrial farms" (making a gross income of between $250,000 and $500,000 in 2009) netted only $52,000 on average, including $17,000 in government payments."

Prakash notes that movements require preparation and organization.

"The student-led sit-in movement of 1960 and 1961 alone involved 50,000 participants across the South. Behind every major movement campaign is years of arduous preparation, including many failures."

Reminds me of the point by Zeynep Tufekci in "Twitter and Teargas" of how hard it is to organize:

"The point is simple, but its implication is profound. To the extent that code is open code, the power of government is constrained. Government can demand, government can threaten, but when the target of its regulation is plastic, it cannot rely on its target remaining as it wants."

Code is "plastic" - companies aren't.

"If Moon mining is to bean extensive enterprise as is planned, those changes will be visible from Earth, fundamentally changing one of the few communal human experiences of gazing at the Moon. In addition, the Moon and other planetary bodies are sacred to some cultures. Is it possible for those beliefs to be respected if we engage in resource utilization on those worlds? Lunar exploration must be prepared to adjust its practices and plans if the answer is no."

"What's more, although design that discriminates based on race and/or gender is often seen as problematic, social norms under do support systems design that intentionaly reproduces class-based discrimination. For example, the intended purpose of a predictive algorithm used by the credit industry to determine home loan eligibility is to afford the loan officer a heightened ability to descriminate between those who are likely to be able to make loan payments..."

"A 2015 University of Illinois Department of Agriculutal and Consumer Economics (ACE) budget projection puts the net farmer income in 2016 for corn at negative $66 and soybeans at negative $97, respectively. Meaning, frowing corn will result in a loss of $66 per acre and soy will lose you $97 per acre. The ... recommendation? Cut costs by $100 per acre. Then at least you could make $3 an acre... In other words, the *only way* to make any money on these crops is with government [subsidies]..."

NFFM - No Fossil Fuel Money pledge

" are open code: They hide nothing; they reveal their source—they are their source! A user or adopter of a book chapters she wants. If it is a book on electronics, then the reader can certainly choose not to read [content injected into it] There is very little the state can do to modify the reader’s power in this respect."

"An alternative approach to how we interact with these environments can be found in knowledge, which is inherently interdisciplinary, multigenerational, and expressed through sustainable practices. 'Space and place' is an important aspect of Indigenous knowledge, where learning takes place in harmony with a particular place and time. Science in such a framework is not something done 'on' or 'to' land, but is created in relationship to a placeand with deep intentionality and respect."

"...Such a tool, by definition, promotes class-based discrimination, and when it does so, it is seen to be doing its job. However, when it disiriminates based on a single-axis characteristic (race OR gender OR disability) that is explicitly protected by the law, then it is said to be biased."

"With incomes like these, it's no surprise that farmers are leaving the land in droves. According to Farm Aid, 330 American farmers leave their land for good every week."

Campaign tactic: "Bird-dogging", requires only two people: "one person challenges a politician with dual questions and another records the response for the social media and press."

"In my view, the most important lesson about law in is the need for law to account for the regulatory effect of code. ... the wise regulator must account for the ways in which technology interacts with legal regulation. That interaction is often counterintuitive. But unless a regulator takes this interactive effect into account, the —whether to control behavior or to protect certain liberties—will fail."

"Resource Extraction: Many people consider it inevitable that resource extraction will be a fundamental part of space exploration, if not the reason for doing it at all. However, it is worth questioning whether our current mode of extractive capitalism is something we should take with us when interacting with other worlds."

"In preexisting bias, bias that exists in a broader society, culture, and/or institutions is reproduced in the computer system, either intentionally or unintentionally, by systems developers. For example, graphical user interfaces typically embody a preexisting bias against vision-impaired people because the designers do not consider their existence at all, not because they consciously decide to exlude them."

description of suicide trends

"In India, the overproduction of farm commodities, overwhelming debt, and pressure to conform to chemical companies' use of expensive pesticides have driven many farmers to commit suicide. Since th early 2000s (when GMOs were first introduced in India), suicide has taken the lives of over 100,000 farmers in India. In a cruel twist... one of the most common forms of self-immolation is by drinking pesticide."

"Studies show that movements that appear visually unified - through using the same chants, songs, and visuals - are more receive at garnering support for their cause. " (Which studies are these? )

Photos of young people holding visually similar signs, saying "what is your plan?" And "green jobs for all,"

Speaking of intellectual property:

"Intellectual property rights are a monopoly that the state gives to producers of intellectual property in exchange for their production of it. After a limited time, the product of their work becomes the public’s to use as it wants. This is Communism at the core of our Constitution’s protection of intellectual property."

"As we are finding on our own Earth, resources are not infinite, and if resource extraction is a cornerstone of the structures we build on the Moon and other worlds, weare setting ourselves up for the same challenges in the long-term.

"In technical bias, some underlying aspect of the technology reproduces bias; for example, the poor management of optical sensors on darker-skinned people."

"Farmers in the commodity game of 'grow more with smaller margins' will find the tightrope they walk is getting more tenuous. Six companies now control 75% of the grain-handling facilities, forming a virtual 'sextopoly'... As in the days of old, this virutal monopoly of companies sets the price of grain, and have to accept it."

"We made the world we're living in and we have to make it over again."
- James Baldwin

"When the costs of control fall, liberty is threatened."

"The most recent Interim Directives, NID 8715.128 and NID 8715.129, detailing the planetary protection aspects of the program, do not address the questions we raiseand upon expiration, could lead to even weaker policies than what we have now. On the , only some regions of scientific importance are protected, with the rest open for resource extraction."

"In emergent bias, a system that may not have been biased given its original context shifts or when new users arrive -- for example, Tay, the Microsoft chatboot that was trained to be sexist and racist by Twitter users."

"Nutritional density is a difficult thing to access over time, but studies put the loss of in fruits and vegetables over the past sixty years at anywhere between 5 and 40 percent. Meanwhile, the size of our vegetables, grains, and protein sources has ballooned. This is called the 'dilution effect', whereby we eat more calories but receive less by the way of bioavailable nutrients."

"I choose to believe that the America that has never yet been may nevertheless still be." - Rev. William J. Barber II.

"We have lost faith in the idea that the product of representative government might be something more than mere interest—that, to steal the opening line from Justice Marshall’s last Supreme Court opinion, power, not reason, is now the currency of deliberative democracy."

"For , policy is even more loosely defined and fails to consider the global dispersal of terrestrial contaminants. Rather than considering how to enable human exploration to Mars within the confines of past planetary protection policy, those restrictions have been relaxed to enable easier access."

"[Value-sensitive design] does not believe that most designers are intentionally racist, sexist, or malicious. Instead, this approach emphasizes that many mechanisms that introduce unintentional bias are at play. These include "unmarked" end users, biased assumptions, universalist benchmarks, lack of bias testing, limited feedback loops, and, most recently, the used of systematically biased data sets to train using techniques.

" has been linked to tainted drinking water supplies, earthquakes, and extreme environmental degradation. But hydraulic fracturing is the only way America can produce enough natural gas to sustain the fatories that make synthetic (ammonium nitrate). And without that synthetic nitrogen, more than 90 percent of the grown in America would fail."

Guido Girenti and Waleed Shahid -
"To borrow the words of Naomi Klein, politicians like Pelosi 'have not done the things that are necessary to lower because those things fundamentally conflict with deregulated , the reigning ideology for the *entire period* we have been struggling to find a way out of this crisis.'"

"The truth, I suspect, is that the Declans will win—at least for now. We will treat codebased environmental disasters—like the loss of privacy, like the censorship of censorware filters, like the disappearance of an intellectual commons—as if they were produced by gods, not by Man."

"Our own history gives us enough data to assume moral considerations will not be prioritized. Discussions on the ethics of planetary protection must result in robust, enforceable policy that explicitly works to dismantle colonial structures and provide answers or frameworks to address the ethical questions outlined above."

"After ... began to leave [] for startup competitor , Facebook implemented some modifications to its real name flagging and dispute process and instituted a new set of options for users to display gender pronouns and gender identity, as well as more fine-grained control over who is able to see these changes. However, as scholar ... Anna Lauren Hoffman notes, the diverse gender options only apply to display; on the back end, Facebook still codes users as male or female."

"More bad news: most synthetic nitrogen applied on farm fields in the United States is not going into crops. Recent studies put nitrogen uptake by crops at about 30 percent. This means that 70 percent of what is applied either goes into the atmospher or into water. Hence, 'two-thirds of the US drinking supply is contaminated or high levels with carciongenic nitrates or nitrites, almost all excessive use synthetic nitrogen ."

"Pelosi came to Congress in 1987, and like many politicians now in the senior leadership of both parties, her entire career has been within the confines of the era, a period defined by and an ascendant Republican Party."

"We will watch as important aspects of privacy and free speech are erased by the emerging architecture of the panopticon, and we will speak, like modern Jeffersons, about nature making it so—forgetting that here, we are nature. We will in many domains of our social life come to see the Net as the product of something alien— something we cannot direct because we cannot direct anything."

This policy doc is absolute 🔥.

"The science and space exploration community must address the above concerns
and build an enforceable policy structure that seeks to actively dismantle the current systems
constructed by the violent past of exploration on ."

"In large part due to the efforts of activists, an approach known as (UD) has gained reach and impact over the last three decates. UD emphasizes that the objects, places, and systems we design must be accessible to the widest possible set of potential users."

"As the city of De Moines, Iowa, has learned, synthetic nitrogen poisons water supplies. As Fishermen in the Gulf of Mexico and other river delta areas are learning, nitrogen-rich agriculture runoff creates an anoxic environment that kills life. The waters affect by poisonous levels of nitrogen are called dead zones because the majority of the food chain is killed."

"While Weyrich, Schlafy, and the New Right stitched together a winning alignment, the ideals of the New Deal consensus were already losing credibility. Liberals were unable to resolve or explain the economic stagnation of the 1970s with the Keynesian ideas that defined New Deal policymaking, and their consensus was increasingly under attack by a hostile business class."

Thinking of the Donella H. Meadows argument by how paradigms shift here!

"Replicating a violent colonial framework will hurt the humans living off-world, retaining our current social and hierarchies and reinforcing those systems on Earth. Ultimately, we must build a better, moral, and livable future because it is how we will survive on our own planet or any other."

"In the 1990s, the Center for at North Carolina State University defined UD as 'the design of products and environments to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design.'"

A map of agricultural runoff, from agriculture across the United States creates anoxic "dead zones" in places like the Gulf of Mexico.

"Over [Bill Clinton's] two terms, the US prison population rose nearly 60 percent." 😮

"Proving that we can interact with other worlds in ways that don’t reproduce extraction, that respect and preserve environmental systems, and that acknowledge the sovereignty and interconnectivity of all life, will illustrate these practices are not only possible, but necessary and liberating."

"UD discourse emphasizes that we should try to design for everybody and that by including those who are often excluded from design considerations, we can make objects, places, and systems that ultimately function better for all people. shares that goal, but also acknowledges both that some people are always advantaged and other disadvantaged by any given design, and that this distribution is influenced by intersecting structures of race, gender, and disability."

"Over two-thirds of the Earth is desertifying."

Global map circling places on continents where the Earth is desertifying.

What a document. It reminds me of the debates between the Red Mars and the Green Mars factions in 's Mars Trilogy. I probably should read Le Guin's "The Word for World is Forest".

"Instead of masking this reality, design justice practicioners seek to make it explicit: we prioritize design work that shifts advantages to those who are currently systematically disadvantaged within the matrix of domination."

I guess this is the difference between and ? Equality of access vs designing a system to equalize outcomes.

"...In the middle of is the Central Valley, a 60,000-square-mile, mostly flat piece of open arid land that has been cleared of its former in order to perform large-scale . A small fraction of it is covered in plants and water (if we're being generous, say 10 percent). The remainder (say 90 percent) is bare, hardened, mostly unplanted dirt and reflective urban/suburban surfaces."

"One group that has worked steadily to advance design practice that is not univeralizing is the Inclusive Design Resarch Centre (IDRC). IDRC defines as follows: "design that considers the ful range of human diversity with respect ot ability, language, culture, gender, age and other forms of human difference."

"During the day it reflects heat into the atmosphere and obsorbs heat, baking like a massive frying pan. All the while [the heat] is pushing clouds and rain away. Meanwhile its soils are eroding, which means food growers require ever more water. Now add to this manmade desertification the occurence of season after season of assisted heat waves."

"...this group also sees disability as socially constructed and relational, rather than as a binary property (disabled or not) that adheres to an individual. Disabiity is 'a mismatch between the needs of the individual and the design of the product, system, or service. With this framing, disability can be experienced by anyone excluded by the design... Accessibility is therefore the ability of the design or system to match thre requirements of the individual."

"In contrast, the former ecosystem of the Central Valley, a mixed oak forest with redwoods to the north and bushland savanna to the south, held most of its water in its soils. In natural forest ecosystems soil organic matter (SOM, aka "organic matter") is anywhere from 3 to 7 percent. For each 1 percent of organic matter, an acre of ground will hold around 25,000 gallons of water in its soils."

I like this way of thinking about disability. A person is abled or disabled in relation to the thing they interact with. In "The Overstory", a character in a wheelchair designs a virtual world that hundreds of thousands live in, and in that world he's treated as a god. In relation to he is not disabled, it's only when he interacts with the rest of the world that he experiences disability.

"[-ers] call for "one size fits one" solutions over "one size fits all" [but] acknowledge that "segregated solutions" are technically and economically unsustainable. They argue that, at least in the digital domain, adaptive design that enables personalization and flexible configuration of shared core objects, tools, platforms, and systems provides a path out of the tension between the diverse needs of individual users and the economic advantages of the large-scale user base."

"So before man practiced agriculture in , the soil was likely holding around 100,000 gallons of water per acre. Growing on top of that soil was a mixture of vegetation types, all of which pulled CO2 from the atmosphere and pumped it into the ground where the microbes used that carbon to buid the very pore spaces that stored water inside the soil. This is the ecosystem we removed."

"Yet the idea that we need to retool is sure to meet with great resistance. Physicist and philosopher of sciece Thomas famousy described how each scientific paradigm develops along with a widely deployed and highly specialized apparatus of experimentation, testing, and observation. These fixed costs reduce the likelihood of paradigm shift, absent a growing crisis where the current paradigm is unable to effectively account for discrepancies with the observed world."

" In a twist of fate, we humans 'reverse terraformed" our planet from a web of balanced, interlocking, lush ecosystems into larger and vaster deserts."

"As Kuhn remarks: 'As in manufacture, so in science - retooling is an extravagance to be reserved for the occasion that demands it.' As in manufacturing and science, so in : an intersectional critique of the ways that current... practices systematically reproduce the matrix of domination ultimately requires not only more diverse design teams, community accountability, and control... but also a retooling of the methods that shape so many... domains under the current universalist paradigm."

Oh thank God. I think i'm finally passed the "we're screwed if we don't do something" phase and into the "here's how you can save the world" phase of this book.

Picture of the first page of a chapter, "meet the regenetarians"

"Is it always (or ever) possible to reduce for all users simultaneously? Perhaps not. Instead, designers constantly make choices about which users to privilege and which will have to do more work. decisions distribute higher and lower cognitive loads among different kinds of people. The point is not htat it's wrong to privilege some users over others; the point is that those decisions need to be made explicit."

Saving these! Livestock on the go do less damage to the soil than livestock kept in one place, and are healthier to boot.

"Empirical studeis support a strong critique of the ideas that the same design is "best" for all users. For example, Reinecke and Bernstein found that most users preferred a user nterface customized according to cultural differences. They note that it is not possible to design a single interface that appeals to all users; they argue instead for the design of 'culturally adaptive systems'."

"All natural," "free range," "made with love," ... do not have a certification program. There is no set of standards for them. "All natural" applies as equally to motor oil as it does to potatoes. "Free range" can mean that chickens are grown in factory farmhouses with locked doors.

The USDA Organic label is not perfect by any stretch of the imagination, but it is the only food label that is backed by inspectors, standards, and a strict government program."

"Racial hierarchies can only be dismantled by actively systems design, not by pretending they don't exist."

"[The USDA Organic label] is the only government-backed standard that lays the groundwork for .

To receive the USDA Organic label a farmer must not use genetically modified organism (GMOs), must not use sewage sludge on his or her fields, and must not feed his or her livestock plastic pellets, urea, manure, and 'slaughter by-products.'"

"We must ask questions such as this: within any decision-making system, what ditribution of benefits do we believe is just?"

"Instead, the farmer must: be certified through a qualied agent, have an organic system pan including crop monitoring, keep detailed records of all inputs and sales, create land zones around the crops, rotate the crops, use organic seedlings or seeds, feed livestock only organic feed, provide livestock and poultry with living conditions that allow "natural behavior," including outdoor access, fresh air, sunlight, and space to exercise, and provide pasture access for cows."

"Beyond inclusion and fairness in , we need to consider justice, autonomy, and sovereignty. For example, how does AI reproduce colonial ontology and epistimology? What would algorithmic decision making look like if it were design to support, extend, and amplify knowledge and/or practices? In this direction, there is a growing set of scholars interested in technologies, including AI systems."

"There's a push to make the practice of farming better, so much better in fact that amy one day mean that food isn't just free from hormones and chemicals, but that it's actually healing the soil and reversing ."

"In this direction, there is a growing set of scholars interested in technologies, including AI systems. For example, designers Lewis, Arista, Pechawis, and Kite draw from , , and knowledge to argue that epistemologies, which tend to emphasize relationality and 'are much better at respectfully accomodating the non-human' should ground the development of ."


"These are the key to life as we know it. Human life would not exist without mycorrhizal fungi. We would still be in an aquatic environment without [them]. It doesn't mean that there wouldn't be a Planet Earth, it just means that we wouldn't be here." - Dr Kristine Nichols

"She says that through RNA analysis scientists have been able to determine that an ancient ancestor to [mycorrhizal fungi] was the thing that helped algae move from pools of murkey water onto land."

"[Arturo Escobar] insists on attention to what he calls the ontological dimension of : all design reproduces certain ways of being, knowing, and doing. He's interested in the concept of creating "a world where many worlds fit," rather than the "one world" project of globalization."

"...[] fungi are the things that can transport and provide for up to 90 percent of the nitrogen and phosphorus needs of a crop plant."

"Happily, research centers, think tanks, and initiaves that focus on questions of , fairness, bias, discrimination, and even decolonization of data, algorithmic decision support systems, and computing systems are now popping up like mushrooms all over the world. As I mention in this book's introduction, these include Data and Society, the AI Now Institutte, and the Digital Equity Lab in New York City, the New Data Justice Lab in Cardiff, and the Public Data Lab."

"In many ways, is an ideal fertilizer. It's balanced for the soil, it is rich with beneficial microbes, and it helps soil hold up to twice as much moisture. When applied to the , the microbes in compost go to work like probiotics, helping to establish that rich humus layer of ."

"Coding Rights leb by hacker, lawyer, and feminist Joana Varon, works across Latin America to make complex issues of data and human rights much more accessible for broader publics, engage in policy debates, and help produce consent culture for the digital environment. They do this through projects like Chupadados ("the data sucker")."

"Collecting and composting all the food scraps and yard trimmings in the entire country every day of the year would produce enough compost to cover about 2 million acres with a quarter inch of compost. This is a significat area, but it is only about 0.5 percent of our agricultural soils. To make a lasting impact onour soils we would need more compost - lots more ."

"Other groups include Fair Algorithms, the Data Active group the Center for Civic Media at MIT; the Digital Justice Lab, recently launched by Nasma Ahmed in Toronto; Building Consentful Tech, by the design studio And Also Too in Toronto; the Our Data Bodies Project; and the FemTechNet network."

description of death and compost

"About 2.47 million people die in the United States each year. At an average weigh of 166 pounds, tht gives us about 205,000 tons of "compostable material". If we add to that the 7 million dry tons of bio solids from sewage treatment plants, we get about 7.2 million tons of additional "compostable material." Composting the 7.2 million tons gives us only enough to cover an additional 288,000 acres of land, or about one hundred modern corn farms."

"If you have come here to help me, you are wasting your time. But if you have come because your liberation is bound up with mine, then let us work together." - Lilla Watson, Australian Aboriginal activist and artist

description of death and compost

"Even with all our sewage and dead bodies, under the most aggressive strategy, that time of compost could only cover a small land area in and around cities. To be fair, this would still be a marked improvement for our urban soils and would drastically reduce the amount of waste cities produce. There is no doubt that kind of compost is an important tool in in our soil repair kit."

I kind of like the idea of giving my body to be composted.

" inequality systematically structures paid work. Professional design jobs in nearly all fields are disproportionately allocated to people who occupy highly privileged locations in the . At the same time, numerous expert designers and technologists who are not wealthy and/or educationally privilieged white cis men have often been ignored, their labor appropriated, and their stories erased from the history of technology."

"White and Asian cis men dominate technology jobs. For example, in the United States, women overall hold 26% of , Black women hold just 3 percent of computer programming jobs, and latinas hold 2%. As feminist media anthropologist Christina Dunbar-Hester notes, gender disparity in the software industry is far worse within the supposedly "open" arena of free/libre and software...: just 2% of developers are women, compared with 30% who work on proprietary software.

It's been a month an a half since had to return "Kiss the Ground", request it again, and wait for it to be returned. So, here we go, picking it up again!

" (UCD) refers to a design process that is 'based upon an explicit understanding of users, tasks, and evnironments; it is driven and refined by user-centered evaluation; and addresses the whole user experience... over time, UCD has become ther recommended design approach within many firms, government bodies, and other institutions."

"You see, it takes nature about five hundred years to bbuild on inch of topsoil. But the United States is losing soil ten times faster than the natural replenishment rate. (China and India are losing thirty to forty times faster.)"

Natural processes, yes - but humans can generate much faster, if we put our minds to it. Compost + Manure + Topsoil

"Homesteading families [in Kansas the 1860s] found themselves in "tallgrass prairies" with grasses as high as six feet. According to the 's History Explorer, 'It is said that riders on horseback could pick wildflowers without dismounting.' Imagine covered in six feet of tallgrass!"

The latest episode of "How to Save a Planet" (https://gimletmedia.com/shows/howtosaveaplanet/j4hzjwz/party-like-its-2035) reflects on how transitioning to and energy will take dramatic changes to the landscape - something we've done before!

"In essence, running a plow over soil and 'breaking' the soil, the very thing that man has been doing in agriculture since the dawn of human civilization, destroys the matter (which contains life-giving carbon and microorganisms). Put more simply, (aka plowing) makes the canabalize itself."

"The more complex version of the story...is that tilling exposes certain strains of bacteria to the oxygen in the atmosphere. Once these little critters have access to air, they binge-eat the organic matter in the soil. They oxidize... the organic matter off, stripping out the stable, -laden molecules and releasing substantial quantities of into the atomosphere. This is the opposite of ."

I also appreciate how this chapter describes how is not the same thing as . One can employ organic processes, but till the soil (to combat weeds). This will end up harming the soil by compacting it and activating the carbon-eating bacteria.

"As Ray points out, tilage creates a self-perpetuating cycle. As you till, you kill soil life, which then destroys the glues that make soil porous, which means that the soil can't absorb water, which means it needs to be tilled to add "air", which creates erosion, and so on. In other words, the more you till, the more you need to till."

> maximizing growth
> 21st century economy

a century and a few liberal waves late, today we're glad if we barely get sustainable